The Borough of Roosevelt is located in the western panhandle of Monmouth County, New Jersey. Originally established as Jersey Homesteads in 1937, the name of the Borough was changed to Roosevelt to honor President Franklin Delano Roosevelt following his death in 1945.
The Borough was constructed during the Great Depression of the 1930’s by workers employed by the Works Project Administration as part of the Federal New Deal program. It was originally formed as a cooperative project, with a tripod of farming, manufacturing, and retail functions. The initial residents were primarily Jewish garment workers who escaped the tenements of New York to work in the local garment factory.
The Borough has historically been the home of many artists, as well as residents from a wide range of professions and occupations. It is also known for a large fresco mural located in the local elementary school. The mural, created by Ben Shahn, depicts the immigrant experience, including the creation of Jersey Homesteads.
The Jersey Homesteads Historic District (comprising the Borough of Roosevelt) was added to the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places in 1983.